Located between urban and rural jurisdictions, peri-urban regions have distinct environmental, social, and institutional characteristics. Peri-urban regions are often in a state of transition due to contested land use. Increasingly, residents of peri-urban areas are facing water insecurity as a result of rapid urbanization and the impacts of climate change.
The Mantaro Valley in central Peru is highly vulnerable to extreme weather events, such as droughts, floods, and frost. According to recent projections, this vulnerability will increase in coming years due to climate change.