Virus production for vaccines remains a challenging issue, particularly with slow-growing viruses such as avian influenza. Many vaccines are produced in embryonated hen’s eggs or continuous avian cell lines.
The links between social exclusion and violence have been much studied. But how does the relationship play out in the domestic sphere? Research published in 2016 by the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) and the University of Costa Rica suggests that forms of social exclusion practiced at home can generate violence that affects not only family members but members of the wider community. Their analysis is based on household surveys conducted in several urban areas of Costa Rica and El Salvador.
Wednesday, November 16, 2016 - 07:30
Research in Action
SOCIAL INEQUALITYVIOLENCEPOVERTYGENDER ANALYSISURBAN AREAS
Across the global South, urban violence is an increasing concern. Rapid urbanization, weak city governance, and social inequalities have led to marginalization, concentrating the highest levels of violence in historically-disadvantaged areas within urban centres.