Long considered pests, insects are now on the menu for farmed fish and poultry in Kenya and Uganda, where scientists are looking for cheaper, healthier ways to boost animal growth and develop the local economy.
Women are major contributors to the agricultural economy. However, various constraints limit their ability to optimize livestock production and agricultural development, including limited access to resources and market information and limited decision-making powers.
While women make up more than 40% of the agricultural labour force in developing countries, they control less land than men and are less likely to use purchased inputs such as fertilizers. They also participate less in agricultural markets as a result of gender-based constraints such as low mobility and lack of access to information.
Women's participation in livestock markets can help improve their welfare and that of their families. Understanding how and why women participate can help identify ways of increasing their participation and the benefits.
Livestock ownership plays a vital role in ensuring that households have a more diversified, higher-protein diet. But research has shown that the extent to which livestock contributes to food security depends on household dynamics — whether women own assets, and to what extent they participate in making decisions about how to use these assets and the resulting income. Food security also depends on whether or not women make decisions about how much product to keep for the family’s consumption and how much to sell.