The links between social exclusion and violence have been much studied. But how does the relationship play out in the domestic sphere? Research published in 2016 by the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) and the University of Costa Rica suggests that forms of social exclusion practiced at home can generate violence that affects not only family members but members of the wider community. Their analysis is based on household surveys conducted in several urban areas of Costa Rica and El Salvador.
Wednesday, November 16, 2016 - 07:30
Research in Action
SOCIAL INEQUALITYVIOLENCEPovertyGENDER ANALYSISURBAN AREAS
Across the global South, urban violence is an increasing concern. Rapid urbanization, weak city governance, and social inequalities have led to marginalization, concentrating the highest levels of violence in historically-disadvantaged areas within urban centres.
Latin American researchers supported by IDRC's Safe and Inclusive Cities (SAIC) initiative were hosted by the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars and American University's Center for Latin American and Latino Studies at a May 2015 event in Washington, DC.
Why do cities with similar conditions of social exclusion experience different levels of violence? IDRC-supported researchers in Costa Rica and El Salvador are sharing their answers to this question and what it means for reducing crime and violence. Their report underscores the need to take into account the full range of violence in public and private spaces — domestic violence, gender-based violence, and gang warfare — which are deeply connected and cannot be tackled separately.