As countries urbanize and economies modernize, greater numbers of Africans are adopting lifestyle changes that drive the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). By 2030, the World Health Organization (WHO) projects that NCDs such as cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease will be the most common cause of death in Africa.
Safe streets play a crucial role in enabling livelihoods, mobility, and access to services. In fast-growing Indian cities such as Ahmedabad, streets are also the site of conflict. With incomes and vehicle ownership on the rise, traffic has replaced people as the central point of street design. Vehicle-focused street design is limiting space for vendors, children, the elderly, and the disabled, while instances of violence against women are partly linked to land use and street design.