Safe streets play a crucial role in enabling livelihoods, mobility, and access to services. In fast-growing Indian cities such as Ahmedabad, streets are also the site of conflict. With incomes and vehicle ownership on the rise, traffic has replaced people as the central point of street design. Vehicle-focused street design is limiting space for vendors, children, the elderly, and the disabled, while instances of violence against women are partly linked to land use and street design.
What happens when entire communities are uprooted by conflict or development? And how can planners shape the transition so that residents hold on to their livelihoods, social ties, and sense of security?
This report by the Institute for Business Administration Karachi is the culmination of three years of research on gender roles and how they contribute to violence in 12 working class neighborhoods in two of Pakistan’s largest cities: Karachi and Rawalpindi-Islamabad. It highlights the role of frustrated gendered expectations in driving various types of violence, and how these dynamics can be tackled.
Recent decades have seen dramatic changes in the southern Indian city of Kochi, where a series of mega developments has reshaped the city and its suburbs – and displaced many residents. In their 2015 paper “Changing Cities and Changing Lives: Development Induced Displacement in Kochi, Kerala”, researchers with the Centre for Development Studies and Union Christian College examine the lives of those uprooted by development. Through surveys and interviews, they found that while poverty, inequality, violence, and physical insecurity did not emerge as major concerns, various forms of state violence — from negligence and inefficiency to brute force —caused a great deal of unnecessary suffering for the displaced.