A number of countries and international organizations have stressed the need for integrated surveillance systems to comprehensively detect and monitor antimicrobial resistance (AMR), particularly in animal and environmental reservoirs.
Aedes mosquito-transmitted illnesses, namely dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, have become a major burden of disease in Latin America and the Caribbean, where vector control programs have not been able to reduce the risk of disease transmission.
In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), a steady increase in the consumption of ultra-processed food with high levels of fat, sugar, and salt has contributed to an adult overweight rate of over 50% and an obesity rate of 23%.
Because roots, tubers, and bananas are food crops primarily traded in local markets, their prices are not subject to the volatility that affects global markets for staple grains such as wheat and maize.
Population-wide salt reduction initiatives which target sodium levels in foods and consumer education have the potential to reduce salt intake across all population sectors and improve cardiovascular health outcomes.
IDRC and the University of Toronto’s Dalla Lana School of Public Health have launched a call for research ideas to strengthen policy interventions, population health, environmental sustainability, gender, and social equity in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).