Women smallholder livestock farmers are hindered in accessing and using livestock vaccines due to low levels of awareness, high acquisition costs, accessibility, and unequal gender relations at the household level.
Heartwater and contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCCP) are two diseases that constitute major threats to small ruminant (grazing animals such as goats and sheep) production in developing countries, notably in Africa.
As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to challenge global health systems and cause financial hardship, there is mounting evidence of how it is deepening gender disparities across cultures and economic sectors.
What happens when entire communities are uprooted by conflict or development? And how can planners shape the transition so that residents hold on to their livelihoods, social ties, and sense of security?
This report by the Institute for Business Administration Karachi is the culmination of three years of research on gender roles and how they contribute to violence in 12 working class neighborhoods in two of Pakistan’s largest cities: Karachi and Rawalpindi-Islamabad.
Research in Action
Food and Agriculture