The links between social exclusion and violence have been much studied. But how does the relationship play out in the domestic sphere? Research published in 2016 by the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) and the University of Costa Rica suggests that forms of social exclusion practiced at home can generate violence that affects not only family members but members of the wider community. Their analysis is based on household surveys conducted in several urban areas of Costa Rica and El Salvador.
Wednesday, November 16, 2016 - 07:30
Research in Action
SOCIAL JUSTICECRIME PREVENTIONVULNERABLE GROUPSWOMENYOUTH
Research led by Université Alassane Ouattara reveals how Côte d’Ivoire’s youth have emerged as victims and perpetrators of violent crime, and points to the measures that can offer them a brighter future.
While research has widely shown that adolescents require positive social networks and interpersonal connections—that is, positive social capital—to reach productive and socially responsible adulthood, what social capital is, how it works, and how critical it is to reducing levels of youth delinquency and violence is not well understood.
Homicide rates have skyrocketed among young people in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Mexico—especially among youth between the ages of 15 to 24, when they should be finishing high school and entering the work force.
Why do cities with similar conditions of social exclusion experience different levels of violence? IDRC-supported researchers in Costa Rica and El Salvador are sharing their answers to this question and what it means for reducing crime and violence. Their report underscores the need to take into account the full range of violence in public and private spaces — domestic violence, gender-based violence, and gang warfare — which are deeply connected and cannot be tackled separately.