Zimbabwean independence ended racial segregation and colonial rule. Yet the hopes and expectations that it would radically improve living conditions for the country’s black majority remain unmet. The bulk of housing for the poor is marginal, overcrowded, and unsafe. Women are especially vulnerable, with limited mobility and tenure rights.
Tuesday, December 13, 2016 - 08:30
Research in Action
Poverty alleviationJustice and securityPovertyEconomic integrationGender
The ways in which crime and poverty interact have been much studied and debated in western research literature, yet little is known about these dynamics in Africa. In a series of seven papers, this 2016 special issue of the Ghana Journal of Geography helps to fill a critical gap in African perspectives on the issues. It presents findings from three years of research, led by the University of Ghana Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research, on the relationship between poverty and crime in neighbourhoods of four Ghanaian cities: Accra, Kumasi, Sekondi-Takoradi, and Tamale.
The links between social exclusion and violence have been much studied. But how does the relationship play out in the domestic sphere? Research published in 2016 by the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) and the University of Costa Rica suggests that forms of social exclusion practiced at home can generate violence that affects not only family members but members of the wider community. Their analysis is based on household surveys conducted in several urban areas of Costa Rica and El Salvador.
In Uganda, statistics show that 20% of the country’s population has some form of physical disability. Despite these numbers, little research has been conducted to provide a window into the lives of people with disabilities. Without formal research and concrete data, a knowledge gap exists that hinders disabled peoples’ organizations in Uganda from effectively advocating on behalf of and providing the appropriate services and supports.
The IDRC-supported “Labour markets for inclusive growth” project, coordinated by the Centre for Distributive Labor and Social Studies (CEDLAS) at Universidad Nacional de La Plata in Argentina, is generating rigorous and policy-relevant evidence on how labour markets and social protection work in Latin America — and what that means for growth and inclusion.
Why do cities with similar conditions of social exclusion experience different levels of violence? IDRC-supported researchers in Costa Rica and El Salvador are sharing their answers to this question and what it means for reducing crime and violence. Their report underscores the need to take into account the full range of violence in public and private spaces — domestic violence, gender-based violence, and gang warfare — which are deeply connected and cannot be tackled separately.