“Social cohesion” broadly refers to the factors that hold a society together, including shared values and identity, feelings of belonging, civic participation, and political legitimacy. A body of theory based on the experience of communities in high-income countries suggests that strong social cohesion can act as a protective factor against violence. But despite rapid urbanisation in the Global South, there has been little empirical research to date on social cohesion and its relationship to violence in middle- and low-income countries.
Tuesday, December 13, 2016 - 11:00
Research in Action
Economic and social developmentPoverty alleviationJustice and securityPovertyGender
Durban, Mumbai, and Rio exemplify the rapid growth and transformation that has gripped cities across the Global South. They share a host of challenges, including the violence and insecurity that accompany rapid change.
Tuesday, December 13, 2016 - 10:00
Research in Action
Justice and securityPoverty monitoringPovertySocial protection
Hosting global events is a popular strategy for boosting city profiles and spurring economic development. But these mega-events produce winners and losers, as infrastructure projects and private sector development compete for space in established neighbourhoods. Most research on mega-events has focused on western experience. In this 2015 paper, Brij Maharaj of the University of Kwazulu-Natal presents a missing perspective, examining three recent mega-events in the Global South.
For peacebuilding processes to be sustainable, post-war security transitions must be carefully planned and participatory. These transitions often involve a reconfiguration of the entire security architecture, and include reintegrating former combatants and restructuring the military and police.
In the face of rapid urbanization and growing inequality, cities around the world struggle to improve security and living conditions for their people. Understanding the drivers of urban violence is crucial to finding solutions.