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While it is the largest city in India’s northeastern state of Assam, Guwahati’s sprawling development pattern and limited transportation options seriously constrain women’s mobility.
Economic growth is driving population growth in Indian cities, particularly in small and medium-sized centres. This rapid urbanization is fueling conflict over scarce resources, including land, water, and public investment.  With a high proportion of the poor living and working in the informal sector and unplanned settlments, traditional urban planning is failing to keep pace with the needs of India’s burgeoning cities.
Safe streets play a crucial role in enabling livelihoods, mobility, and access to services. In fast-growing Indian cities such as Ahmedabad, streets are also the site of conflict. With incomes and vehicle ownership on the rise, traffic has replaced people as the central point of street design. Vehicle-focused street design is limiting space for vendors, children, the elderly, and the disabled, while instances of violence against women are partly linked to land use and street design.
Ahmedabad, the largest city in the Indian state of Gujarat, is both diverse and divided. While it has benefited from recent economic growth, its population is riven by religious conflict and stark income disparities. Following communal violence in 2002, the informal settlement of Bombay Hotel emerged as one of the city’s largest ghettos, with a steady stream of mainly Muslim, low-income residents drawn by low land prices.
What happens when entire communities are uprooted by conflict or development? And how can planners shape the transition so that residents hold on to their livelihoods, social ties, and sense of security?
This report by the Institute for Business Administration Karachi is the culmination of three years of research on gender roles and how they contribute to violence in 12 working class neighborhoods in two of Pakistan’s largest cities: Karachi and Rawalpindi-Islamabad. It highlights the role of frustrated gendered expectations in driving various types of violence, and how these dynamics can be tackled.
Recent decades have seen dramatic changes in the southern Indian city of Kochi, where a series of mega developments has reshaped the city and its suburbs – and displaced many residents. In their 2015 paper “Changing Cities and Changing Lives: Development Induced Displacement in Kochi, Kerala”, researchers with the Centre for Development Studies and Union Christian College examine the lives of those uprooted by development. Through surveys and interviews, they found that while poverty, inequality, violence, and physical insecurity did not emerge as major concerns, various forms of state violence — from negligence and inefficiency to brute force —caused a great deal of unnecessary suffering for the displaced.
Cities of Life and Death presents findings from research led by Laboratorio de Ciencias Sociales (LACSO) in four cities: Caracas, Ciudad Guayana, San Cristobal, and San Antonio del Táchira.
The links between social exclusion and violence have been much studied. But how does the relationship play out in the domestic sphere? Research published in 2016 by the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) and the University of Costa Rica suggests that forms of social exclusion practiced at home can generate violence that affects not only family members but members of the wider community. Their analysis is based on household surveys conducted in several urban areas of Costa Rica and El Salvador.
In Ghana's Volta River delta, the remotely-operated aerial vehicles are going where researchers can't to help study coastal erosion, flooding and migration.