Water Security and Climate Change in Central America and the Caribbean
Recent studies show that water shortages in Central America and the Caribbean will be aggravated by urban growth, high poverty rates, weak institutions, and insufficient investment in water and sanitation infrastructure. Extreme climatic events are expected to further threaten water supply as well as affect economic sectors such as agriculture, forestry, and energy. This project will help Central American and Caribbean countries enhance water security and inform investment in climate change adaptation actions. It will also strengthen municipalities' capacities to address climate change. The Water Centre for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean will lead this project in collaboration with the University of San Carlos in Guatemala and the Technological Institute of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The project team will identify key climate change stressors, and also map and assess the seasonal vulnerability of water resources at the regional level. It will also investigate how policies can affect local vulnerabilities to climate change, using four pilot watershed municipalities in Guatemala and the Dominican Republic. Findings will be synthesized in a set of recommendations for policymakers on how to incorporate climate change adaptation into investment policies addressing water security at the local level. Results will be shared through peer-reviewed publications, university online training courses in Guatemala and the Dominican Republic, and an open-access database of future adaptation policies for the river basins of Central America and the Caribbean. This project is funded through IDRC's Adaptation Research Initiative in Latin America and the Caribbean (ARI-Americas) with funds from the Government of Canada's fast-start financing.