Shaping Social Protection in Africa : National Transfer Accounts

Although birth and death rates are still relatively high in Africa, African populations display some of the most youthful age structures in the world. A bulge in the working-age population, as compared to the juvenile or elderly population, represents a potentially favorable circumstance for economic growth and poverty reduction. This phenomenon, also known as the "demographic dividend," is not automatic, however, and depends among other things on policies affecting public and private investment. This grant will support a modeling exercise that will provide African governments with policy alternatives so that they can take advantage of the demographic dividend to reduce poverty and enhance social protection. Researchers will construct age-specific economic accounts known as national transfer accounts (NTA) that provide estimates by age of key economic variables, such as income, consumption, saving, education and health care (public and private). These estimates will help explain how changes in a population's age structure affect poverty reduction efforts, particularly the design of social security. The project will be carried out by research teams in Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sénégal and South Africa. It will be coordinated by the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), with advice and training from the global NTA project led by the University of California (Berkeley) and the East-West Center (Honolulu).

Project ID


Project status


Start Date

Monday, December 15, 2008

End Date

Wednesday, March 21, 2012


30 months

IDRC Officer

Rodriguez, Mr. Edgard

Total funding

CA$ 961,200


Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, South of Sahara


Employment and Growth

Project Leader

William Lyakurwa


African Economic Research Consortium

Institution Country


Institution Website