The Role of Militia, Predatory State Authorities, and Rogue Capital in the Horn of Africa

The nature of the relationship between militias, rogue capital, and the state in the Horn of Africa is largely unknown. New research will map militia presence in the region, and generate knowledge that could be used to develop national and regional security policies in the Horn of Africa.

There is no solid evidence to explain why militias exist and how they maintain their operations. This poses a significant barrier to local, national, and international efforts to design and implement effective countermeasures that will promote security and development. As more militias emerge, there is an urgent need to fill this knowledge gap.

This research aims to document how militias contribute to insecurity, form alliances with rogue capital and predatory state authorities, and carry out illegal transactions that jeopardize community livelihoods and challenge the legitimacy and accountability of state authorities. It will document the connection between militia, the illegal extraction of conflict resources like coltan, and rogue elements within the state who allow illegal transactions to take place using state resources.

The findings will help explain militia growth in the Horn of Africa, why those trying to regulate militia activities have had limited success, and how affected communities are mobilizing to protect their interests.

Project ID


Project status


Start Date

Wednesday, March 28, 2012

End Date

Tuesday, March 31, 2015


48 months

IDRC Officer

Ceballos, Florencio

Total funding

CA$ 685,000


Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, North of Sahara, South of Sahara


Governance and Justice

Project Leader

Mutahi Ngunyi


Consulting House Limited

Institution Country


Institution Website