Prediction and Prevention of Emerging Zoonotic Diseases in Wildlife

The emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases affecting Brazil today result from complex interactions between natural and human systems. Zoonotic diseases such as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, rabies and leishmaniasis for example emerged as humans encroached on forested regions, bringing people into direct contact with wildlife reservoirs. A better understanding of the type and rate of contact between human, animal and wildlife populations is critical to understanding how zoonotic infections emerge and spread.

This grant will allow a research team from the University of São Paulo (USP) and the New York-based Ecohealth Alliance to undertake active surveillance of wild and domestic animal populations in the Atlantic Forest (Pontal do Paranapanema, Mata Atlantica) to detect pathogens that cause zoonotic diseases. At the same time, the team will monitor human behaviour that brings people into direct or indirect contact with wildlife populations, and track suspected zoonoses in the human population. Then, the researchers will work with local communities and the municipal government on strategies for disease prevention and control.

The research activities will be replicated by the Federal University of Amazonia in the Amazon region (Monte Negro, State of Rondonia), an area presenting different economic and social dynamics.

Project ID

106150

Project status

Closed

Start Date

Friday, March 30, 2012

End Date

Saturday, May 30, 2015

Duration

36 months

IDRC Officer

Bazzani, Roberto

Total funding

CA$ 642,600

Country(s)

Brazil, South America, North and Central America

Project Leader

Alessandra Nava

Project Leader

Fernando Ferreira

Institution

University of São Paulo

Institution Country

Brazil

Institution Website

http://www.usp.br

Project Leader

Loh, Elizabeth

Project Leader

Daszak, Peter

Institution

EcoHealth Alliance Inc.

Institution Country

United States

Institution Website

http://www.conservationmedicine.org