Measuring the healthiness of Ghanaian children’s food environments to prevent obesity and non-communicable diseases
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent the leading cause of death globally and were responsible for 70% of the world's 56 million deaths in 2015. In some African countries, NCDs cause more than 50% of all reported adult deaths. In Ghana, that figure was 44%. In recognition of this increasing burden, Ghana has published a national NCD prevention policy and accompanying strategy, which recognize interventions to promote healthy diets as crucial. Specifically, there are recent indications from local policymakers in Ghana that tackling unhealthy food promotion and improving food provision would be the most likely actions to address the problem of obesity and NCD risk factors, especially in children and adolescents.
These policymakers, however, acknowledge that food environment-related responses to NCD prevention are hampered by scarce resources, paucity of data, and lack of appropriate policies and interventions in Ghana. Focusing on restricting unhealthy food marketing to children and improving school nutrition environments, this project will adapt approaches developed by the International Network for Food and Obesity NCDs Research Monitoring and Action Support for Ghana to measure, benchmark, and support public sector actions that create healthy food marketing and provision environments for children and adolescents.