Labour Market Inequality in Brazil and India: A Comparative Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) Study

Think tanks in Brazil and India are joining forces to examine the factors behind wage inequality in their countries and propose policy options to reduce inequality in labour markets.

While these two economies have succeeded in reducing poverty and gaining influence in global affairs, both still experience high inequality, though with different patterns.

In Brazil, inequality has dropped by 9% between 1993 and 2008, while in India,, it increased by 16%. This reflects the different labour markets in both countries, which provide the main source of income for households.

This research project brings together The Centre for Analysis and Planning in São Paulo (CEBRAP) and the Institute for Human Development in Delhi who will develop comparable measures of inequality in wage income and examine contributing factors such as changes in supply and demand for workers and social factors such as gender, race, and caste.

Researchers will assess and compare the impact of specific policy instruments in the two countries, and engage social actors in debate on the findings. The project will also encourage interaction between the research communities in Brazil and India to strengthen South-South research collaboration.

Project ID


Project status


Start Date

Friday, March 1, 2013

End Date

Sunday, November 1, 2015


32 months

IDRC Officer

Rodriguez, Mr. Edgard

Total funding

CA$ 399,200


Brazil, South America, India, North and Central America, Central Asia, Far East Asia, South Asia


Employment and Growth

Project Leader

Alexandre de Freitas Barbosa


Centro Brasileiro de Analise e Planejamento

Institution Country


Institution Website

Project Leader

Alakh N. Sharma


Institute for Human Development

Institution Country