Informal sector, business environment and economic growth: A comparative analysis of West and Central Africa

This project aims to improve the knowledge of informal entrepreneurship in Africa in order to offer public policy-makers options for building upon the economic and employment potential of informal enterprises. The results of the study can also inform the process of fiscal reform underway and suggest measures to incentivize the transition of informal enterprises to the formal economy. Informal enterprises create up to 80% of employment in some countries, but struggle to offer workers decent working conditions and wages, or any kind of social safety net. The undefined character of these enterprises also makes it difficult to levy appropriate taxes, which undermines fair competition and puts formal enterprises at a disadvantage. The project aims to shed light on the various types of informal enterprises through an analysis of the data collected from businesses, workers, taxation authorities, and employer organizations in Cameroon and Gabon.

Project ID


Project status


Start Date

Saturday, December 1, 2012

End Date

Sunday, June 21, 2015


24 months

IDRC Officer

Mbiekop Ouahouo, Flaubert

Total funding

CA$ 491,100


Cameroon, Gabon, Senegal, North of Sahara, South of Sahara


Employment and Growth

Project Leader

Pr. Aly Mbaye


Université Cheikh Anta Diop

Institution Country