Forest and Water Management for Mitigating the effects of Climate Change in the Middle Hills, Nepal

The Middle Hills in the Nepal Himalayas are home to a large part of the country's population. This area has been identified as particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Low rainfall and high temperatures in the winter of 2008-2009 triggered the worst drought ever recorded in the country, drastically exacerbating the national food deficit. Major investment in irrigation systems is considered essential to cope with recurrent droughts. Such investment, however, may not be sufficient, since farmers also rely on base river flows and sediment loads, both of which are affected by changes in vegetative cover, and snow and ice melt rates. There is a major gap in locally relevant scientific knowledge in this regard.

This project aims to breach that gap by documenting the specific impacts of changes in weather patterns on agricultural systems, forestry, water and livelihoods along a transect from the Tarai Plains to the high mountain zone. It also seeks to shed light on why some groups are more vulnerable to the impact of climate change than others. Researchers will investigate the critical role that forest, agriculture and water management strategies play in both adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. And, they will identify specific activities to strengthen local community resilience to the impacts of climate change. Their findings are expected to be relevant other regions of the Hindu Kush Himalaya sharing similar challenges.

Project ID


Project status


Start Date

Thursday, April 1, 2010

End Date

Monday, October 1, 2012


24 months

IDRC Officer

Rondon, Marco

Total funding

CA$ 800,000


Nepal, Central Asia, Far East Asia, South Asia


Climate Change

Project Leader

Ajaya Dixit


Institute for Social and Environmental Transition - Nepal

Institution Country


Institution Website