Focus Cities : Economic Incentives for Improving Water, Sanitation and Solid Waste Services in Jakarta (Indonesia)

Since 2001 Indonesia has been undergoing large-scale decentralization, transferring various responsibilities to regional and local governments. Local governments are now responsible for water and sanitation infrastructure, yet most lack the resources and technical expertise to tackle the challenge. Jakarta's largest slum, Kelurahan Penjaringan, is located along the harbor of North Jakarta. Penjaringan has the greatest concentration of poor people in the city, over 55 000 residents. Environmental services in Penjaringan are inadequate. Water sources include contaminated groundwater from wells and high-priced water from private vendors, which residents generally have to boil at added expense. Sewer networks serve only a small proportion of the population, solid waste collection is inconsistent and waste disposal sites are inadequate. Cholera and malaria are endemic to the area and reportedly growing. Skin and diarrheal diseases are two of the three most highly reported illnesses in the neighborhood.

This project will investigate and pilot economic incentives for environmental upgrades. Researchers will use participatory approaches to build demand for economically and environmentally beneficial interventions.

The idea is to develop models for low-cost community-based initiatives that can be replicated by other communities with the support of local stakeholders.

Project ID


Project status


Start Date

Thursday, June 15, 2006

End Date

Tuesday, June 15, 2010


42 months

IDRC Officer

Mitchell, Carrie

Total funding

CA$ 1,200,000


Far East Asia, Indonesia, Central Asia, South Asia


Climate Change

Project Leader

Sean Granville-Ross

Project Leader

Laura Bruno


Mercy Corps

Institution Country


Institution Website