Building a Legitimate and Accountable State in South Sudan: Political Dimensions Beyond the Comprehensive Peace Accord

Policymakers and researchers believe that inclusive political settlements are vital to avoiding a relapse into violence in conflict-affected and fragile contexts. Despite numerous comparative, theoretical, quantitative, and qualitative research findings to support this claim, little is understood about what "inclusive political settlements" means and how inclusive these settlements should be. The answer to these questions, according to experts, is highly dependent on context.

This project will deepen our understanding of inclusive political settlements by studying South Sudan. Researchers will examine the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and the Government of Sudan. They will review the role political institutions created by the CPA play in laying the foundation for an inclusive and sustainable state-building process. They will also document public perceptions on the legitimacy and viability of the peace process, its actors, and the institutions the process created.

This project will foster greater understanding of the implications of different kinds of political settlements for the legitimacy and accountability of public authorities. It will contribute knowledge to IDRC's Governance, Security, and Justice program by pursuing the following objectives:

  • identify how levels of inclusivity affect the viability of the peace process in South Sudan;
  • examine the extent to which formal and informal political institutions that are part of the CPA process were inclusive in their creation and evolution;
  • examine the relationship between the inclusivity of formal and informal political institutions and citizen's perceptions; and,
  • provide concrete policy recommendations to policymakers in South Sudan.

Project ID


Project status


Start Date

Monday, January 21, 2013

End Date

Wednesday, October 21, 2015


30 months

IDRC Officer

Thioune, Ramata Aw

Total funding

CA$ 481,700


South Sudan, South of Sahara, Sudan


Governance and Justice

Project Leader

George Omondi


African Research and Resource Forum

Institution Country

South Sudan

Institution Website