Avian Influenza Risk : Characterization and Dynamics of Backyard Poultry Raising Systems in Five Asian Countries

The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1 produces severe disease and high mortality in domestic poultry, waterfowl and other bird species. Public health authorities are concerned that this strain may mutate to became contagious between people. Throughout Southeast Asia and China, farmers raise poultry in small backyard flocks that scavenge around the farms and in the case of ducks in paddy fields. Ducks can carry the virus without showing clinical symptoms and it is suspected that some wild species may also form a reservoir of H5N1. The backyard poultry sector, where different species mix freely and come into direct contact with humans, therefore poses a particular risk. Governments in the region have adopted or are considering policies that call for restructuring or even eliminating the smallholder poultry sector, which could have a considerable impact on the livelihoods of poor farmers.

This grant will allow researchers in Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Thailand and Viet Nam to examine the backyard poultry sector in their respective countries and its role in rural livelihoods. The researchers will work with stakeholders to devise practical, equitable and sustainable options for reducing the likelihood of a human avian influenza pandemic.

Project ID

104319

Project status

Closed

Start Date

Friday, May 4, 2007

End Date

Friday, April 8, 2011

Duration

36 months

IDRC Officer

Mallee, Hein

Total funding

CA$ 1,230,300

Countries

China, Far East Asia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam, Central Asia, South Asia

Program

Food, Environment, and Health

Project Leader

Dr Pongpisut Jongudomsuk

Institution

Health Systems Research Institute

Institution Country

Thailand

Institution Website

http://eng.moph.go.th/TechResearch/hsri/hsri_web.htm

Project Leader

Vu Chi Cuong

Institution

Vietnam. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

Institution Country

Viet Nam

Project Leader

Dr. Darminto

Institution

Indonesian Veterinary Research Institute

Institution Country

Indonesia

Institution Website

http://www.balitvet.litbang.deptan.go.id

Project Leader

Pattamaporn Kittayapong

Institution

Mahidol University

Institution Country

Thailand

Institution Website

http://www.mahidol.ac.th/mahidol.html

Project Leader

Lin Guanghua

Institution

Nanjing Agricultural University

Institution Country

China

Project Leader

Khieu Borin

Institution

Centre for Livestock and Agriculture Development

Institution Country

Cambodia

Institution Website

http://www.utafoundation.org/utacambod/utacam.htm

Project Leader

Kreingkrai Choprakam

Institution

Ubon Ratchathani University

Institution Country

Thailand

Institution Website

http://www.ubu.ac.th