Avian Influenza Policy Analysis

The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1 produces severe disease and high mortality in domestic poultry, waterfowl and other bird species. It first emerged in Southeast Asia in the mid-1990s, spreading focally in the region and leading to the loss of tens of millions of birds, either to disease or preventive culling. By late 2003, eight countries had confirmed outbreaks of this avian disease. By 2006, the virus had spread to Africa and Europe, exacting heavy economic losses in the agro-industry of affected areas. Public health authorities are concerned that this strain may mutate to become contagious between people, leading to widespread illness and mortality. Governments in Southeast Asia have adopted a range of policies aimed at controlling the disease in animals, preventing its spread to humans and strengthening national preparedness for an avian influenza pandemic.

The Asia Partnership for Avian Influenza Research (APAIR) brings together national research agencies and ministries from China, Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand and Viet Nam, with support from IDRC and the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). The goal of APAIR is to stimulate regional collaboration on avian influenza prevention and control.

This project aims to enhance understanding of national policy-making process with respect to two critical issues: poultry vaccination and antiviral drugs for humans. Researchers will examine the content, context and process of antiviral drug and poultry vaccination policies in Indonesia, Thailand and Viet Nam, comparing and contrasting the three processes.

The results of the project are expected to help facilitate the development of coherent and better-coordinated policies in the region.

Project ID


Project status


Start Date

Tuesday, July 24, 2007

End Date

Thursday, October 14, 2010


30 months

IDRC Officer

Mallee, Hein

Total funding

CA$ 496,200


Far East Asia, Indonesia, Thailand, Viet Nam, Central Asia, South Asia, Cambodia, China, Canada


Food, Environment, and Health

Project Leader

Chantana Padungtod


Health Systems Research Institute

Institution Country


Institution Website


Project Leader

Wiku Adisasmito


University of Indonesia

Institution Country


Institution Website


Project Leader

Le Minh Sat


Vietnam. Ministry of Science and Technology

Institution Country

Viet Nam