Economics

Économie

Colour
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The past two decades have witnessed a significant change in the environment for research and development (R&D) around the world. In the South, the need for scientific knowledge continues to expand. At the same time, however, traditional sources of research funding – from national governments, international agencies, and the donor community – have stagnated or declined. As a result, private sector funding of R&D is now twice that of public sector sources.

English

Since 1990, the United Nations Development Programme has been publishing Human Development Reports at the global, regional, national and local level. The message in these reports is simple: development is about giving people the opportunities to live lives they value, and about enabling them to become actors in their own destinies. The message is based on the “capability approach” of economist and Nobel Prize laureate Amartya Sen. Today, there is little doubt that the approach has had a considerable impact on both academics and policymakers alike. 

English

This book presents a new method for measuring multidimensional poverty. The author critically analyzes various statistical approaches, and proposes a new way of applying a factorial technique, Multiple Correspondence Analysis, to poverty analysis. The core of this new approach rests on the identification of poverty types and on the construction of a Composite Indicator of Poverty, which objectively weights the multiple categories of poverty.

English

The growth of international trade and investment and the spread of bilateral and multilateral trade agreements have resulted in increasing economic integration, affecting almost all nations of the world. This has brought about many changes in the economies of developing countries, including a move away from state-controlled enterprise. However, it has also made developing countries more vulnerable to new and potentially harmful types of anticompetitive business practices.

English

Do small developing economies, or SDEs, need a specific competition policy to create competitive markets? Against the backdrop of globalization, protectionist policies that promote state ownership and heavy regulation of key industries are proving increasingly ineffective for driving growth. Countries around the world are instituting reforms to promote competition and business creation, yet the economic and political concentration of power, feeble judicial systems, and the scarcity of human and financial resources pose special challenges to SDEs.

English

Un ouvrage essentiel pour quiconque souhaite comprendre les conflits et le développement au XXIe siècle.
James Putzel, Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics

Alors que certains voient en la mondialisation un outil de propagation de la paix et de la prospérité, d’autres y voient plutôt un présage de conflits et de guerre. Ce livre remet en question les deux points de vue.

French

Les guerres des diamants d’Afrique ont fait quatre millions de victimes. Elles ont détruit l’existence de millions d’autres et ruiné les économies de l’Angola, du Congo, du Libéria et de la Sierra Leone. Les principales forces de maintien de la paix de l’ONU dans le monde — en Sierra Leone, au Libéria, au Congo et en Côte d’Ivoire ― sont le legs des « diamants de la guerre » ou « diamants du sang ».

French

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