By expanding the existing set of indicators to include gender-related stress, anxiety, and violence, this book introduces a new framework for gender research. The viability of this new approach is demonstrated through a coordinated set of household surveys, carried out in Export Processing Zones and Export Processing Units, designed for intercountry comparisons between Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
This book is unique in its examination of both “conventional” and “nonconventional” indicators of gender disparity, and in its attempts to see how both may be affected by changes in macroeconomic policy. While “conventional” indicators include such variables as education, employment, and health status, on which official data are usually available, very little information is available on “nonconventional” indicators, such as levels of gender-based mental stress and violence. Also, instead of focusing on one aspect or indicator alone, this book takes a holistic look at a set of indicators, identifying common patterns and insights.
Swapna Mukhopadhyay is Project Director of the Gender Network Project and, since 1994, Director of the Institute of Social Studies Trust (ISST) in New Delhi, India. She holds a doctorate in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and has studied extensively on poverty, gender, and labour market issues. She has designed and coordinated the Gender Network Project from its inception at ISST, which has within the last decade evolved into a premier action research institute.
Ratna M. Sudarshan is currently Principal Economist in the Human Development Programme Area of the National Council of Applied Economic Research in New Delhi, India. She has a master's degree in economics from the Delhi School of Economics and the University of Cambridge. She directs a program of research on gender and informal economy concerns, and works on education, the policy process, and research–activist linkages.