African economies need deep technological revolutions to bring about rapid structural shifts, to deepen their industry, and build up their endogenous technological capability. The case studies presented here demonstrate the need to pay greater attention to an enabling macroeconomic environmentand the ways that environment interacts with an effective technology policy. This interaction should allow for technological learning, the right technical choices, the setting up of appropriate institutions, and effective technological management for both the industrial and agricultural sectors, including those small and medium-sized enterprises that are now so vital for income and employment.
Osita M. Ogbu has a doctorate in economics from Howard University and was a research economist with the Africa Technical Department of the World Bank in Washington. He is a senior regional program officer with the International Development Research Centre, responsible for the Economic and Technology Policy Program for eastern and southern Africa.
Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka has a doctorate in technology policy and industrialization management from the Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, and also has a background in chemical engineering. After working in the petroleum and steel industries in Nigeria, he joined the Nigerian Institute for Social and Economic Research (NISER), where he is a senior research fellow.
Hasa Mfaume Mlawa has a doctorate in technology policy studies from the University of Sussex and is an associate professor in technology policy studies and director of the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Dar-es-Salaam. He has published his research on technology policy and industrial development in sub-Saharan Africa.