Through the 1980s and 1990s, most countries of Latin America embarked upon a process of trade liberalization and economic internationalization. Later, this process was deepened and entrenched through negotiations at the World Trade Organization (WTO) and, today, remains as a fundamental pillar of Latin America’s development strategy into the 21st century.
These international trade negotations, however, have posed great challenges and demands. As they proceed well beyond the reduction of tariffs (regularly moving into new policy areas such as free trade), those sectors excluded from the benefits brought about by liberalization struggle to impose their own interests. This book examines the role of academic research in the process of trade negotiation. It analyzes the main obstacles and difficulties in linking research with decision-making, and proposes recommendations for the future.
The book is particularly intended for academics (including graduate and undergraduate students), researchers, and professionals n development studies, comparative politics, international political economy, and Latin American studies. It will also be useful for decision-makers and policy advisors involved in trade negotiations and the formulation of trade policy.
Mercedes Botto is Senior Researcher at FLACSO, the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.